TOPICS OF THEORY TEST
The content of the theory test covers not only the requirements of road traffic rules, but also other not less important subjects.
For all drivers:
- importance of driver alertness and attention to other road users;
- awareness, assessment of the situation on the road, decision-making, reaction time;
- changes in ability to drive due to alcohol, medicines and other pharmaceuticals, psychological state and fatigue;
- the key principles of the observance of a safe distance between vehicles, breaking distance and remaining on the road under various weather and road conditions;
- driving risk factors associated with different road conditions, when it changes due to weather and time of the day;
- safe driving in tunnels;
- specific risk factors associated with inexperience of other road users, and the most vulnerable road users: children, pedestrians, cyclists and disabled people;
- dangers associated with the movement and driving of different vehicles as well as with different viewing areas of their drivers;
- documents needed to use the vehicle;
- driver's actions in the event of an accident (placing warning signs and turning on the emergency light, cases when reporting a traffic accident to the police is mandatory, and driver‘s actions when there is not need to call police to attend the road accident area) and measures of emergency victim aid to be taken by the driver;
- safety factors related to the vehicle, cargo and passengers;
- necessary precautionary measures for getting out of (off) the vehicle;
- road safety related mechanical aspects of the vehicle: the most common faults and malfunctions associated with steering, suspension and braking systems, tires, lights and turn indicators, reflectors, rear-view mirrors, windscreen and wipers, exhaust system, safety belts and audible warning device;
- vehicle safety equipment: use of seat belts, head restraints, child safety accessories and fire extinguisher;
- use of the vehicle taking into account the environment: proper use of the audible warning signal, economic fuel use, emission limitation.
For the drivers of AM, A1, A2 and A category vehicles:
- use of safety accessories, such as gloves, shoes, clothing and safety helmet;
- the visibility of motorcyclists to other road users;
- specific risk factors and the mechanical characteristics of the vehicle related to road safety.
For the drivers of C1, C1E, C, CE, D1, D1E, D, DE and T category vehicles:
- keeping records of driving and rest hours, recording equipment used in vehicles (except T category vehicles);
- vehicle and transportation documents required for the national and international cargo and passenger transportation (except T category vehicles);
- driver's actions related to the mode of transport in question in the event of road accident, fire;
- precautions to be taken when removing and changing wheels (except T category vehicles);
- requirements for vehicle weight and dimensions, speed limitation devices;
- obstacles related to vehicle characteristics in the viewing area;
- roadmap understanding, route planning (except T category vehicles);
- safety factors related to the load of the vehicle: loading, fastening and unloading of cargo, peculiarities of intermodal cargo and use of loading equipment (only for the drivers of C1, C1E, C, CE category vehicles);
- driver's responsibility for the carriage of passengers; comfort and safety of passengers; transportation of children; necessary pre-departure checks (only for the drivers of D1, D, D1E, DE and T category vehicles).
For the drivers of C, CE, D and DE category vehicles:
- systems of internal combustion engines, liquids, fuel supply, electrical systems, ignition systems, the design and operation principles of the transmission system
- lubrication and frost protection;
- tire design principles, mounting, correct use and maintenance;
- brake devices and speed limitation devices: types, main parts, principles of operation, interconnection, use and day-to-day care, use of the anti-lock braking system;
- coupling systems: types, main parts, principles of operation, interconnection, use and day-to-day care (only for drivers of CE, DE category vehicles);
- methods for determining the causes of failure;
- preventive maintenance of the vehicle and necessary repairs;
- the driver's responsibility for loading, transporting and delivering goods in accordance with agreed terms (only for the drivers of C, CE category vehicles).